The YBa2Cu3Ox/Ag and Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag self-lubricating composites were prepared using powder metallurgic method. The crystal structure and morphology of the as-synthesized samples were characterized by XRD and SEM. The YBa2Cu3Ox/Ag and Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag self-lubricating composites were found to compose of superconductor phase and Ag phase. The tribological properties from ultra-low temperature to room temperature of the composites were studied by pin-on-disk friction test. It was found that the friction coefficients of pure YBa2Cu3Ox (YBCO) and Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (BSCCO) were both dropped abruptly when the temperature cooled below the superconducting transition temperature. At room temperature, the friction coefficient of pure YBa2Cu3Ox is 0.68~0.95, when mixing 15wt% Ag, the friction coefficient of the sample decreased to the lowest value 0.11. The friction coefficient of pure Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox is 0.15~0.17, When Ag content reach 10wt%, the coefficient was lowest (average value is 0.13). The addition of appropriate amount of Ag obviously improve the tribological property of YBCO, while only slightly meliorate that of BSCO. On the other hand, the YBCO/Ag composites exhibit better tribological properties than BSCCO/Ag composites at higher load under the same experimental condition.