Physical model experiments have been performed to clarify the effect of hole distance and hole number of multi-hole orifices on bubble behavior during metal refining process. It is found kA/V firstly decreases and then increases with the hole distance increasing. However, kA/V shows little further increase when hole distance exceeds a critical value. There exists an optimal hole distance for the multi-hole orifice, which is dependent on the gas flow rate, the hole diameter and the hole number in the multi-hole orifice. kA/V firstly increases with the hole number increasing, and then remains unchanged when hole number exceeds a critical value. There also exists an optimal hole number for the multi-hole orifice, which is closely related to the gas flow rate.