VO2(A) nanobelts have been synthesized using V2O5, H2O2, ethanol, H2O as the starting materials through a facile hydrothermal method. The as-obtained products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelecton spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Some parameters, such as, the reaction time, reaction temperature and the ratio of EtOH/H2O, have greatly influenced on the phases and morphologies of the final products. It was found that VO2(A) can be converted to VO2(M) at 700 °C for 2 h for the first time. Furthermore, the phase transition properties of VO2(A) and VO2(M) phases were respectively studied.