A series of Cu-based catalysts for the synthesis of indole by the reaction of aniline and ethylene glycol were prepared and characterized by ICP-AES and XRD. The results indicated that the activity and stability of Cu/SiO2 catalyst was increased after adding Zn, Mn, Cr and Fe promoters. Mn promoter was favorable for the dispersion of Cu, Zn, Cr, Fe and enlarged the specific surface area of catalysts. It could be seen that the catalysts prepared by impregnation method had better stability and higher activity than the catalysts prepared by co-precipitation method. The catalysts with small grain size of Cu had higher activity than those with big grain size. Some catalysts showed excellent performances in this reaction.