Superhydrophobic surface was prepared by hydrothermal method on copper substrate via immersing the clean pure copper substrate into the mixed solution of H2O2 and C2H5OH, and then the substrate was heated at 100°C for 1.5 h, followed by modifying with stearic acid. The product was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The wettability of the products was also investigated. It was found that the as-prepared surface had a high water contact angle of about 153°. SEM images of the film showed that many irregular micro-nano sheets distributed on the surface in a random pattern. The special porous architecture, with the low surface energy leads to the surface superhydrophobicity.