PVA/ zinc acetate sol–gel were fabricated into thin PVA/ zinc acetate composited fibers films by using electrospinning technique. After annealing of the above precursor fibers, ZnO:Al nanofibers with a diameter of 100-700 nm and high length-diameter ratio were obtained successfully. The ZnO:Al nanofibers were characterized by XRD, SEM, and PL, respectively. The XRD results show that Al-doped ZnO nanofibers present ZnO hexagonal structure. PL spectra display that the ZnO: Al nano-fibers have a strong UV emission properties.