Computer stereo vision has been paid high attention in areas such as industry measurement and automatic control. Calibration of stereo vision system is a key step to implement vision measurement. Nonlinear calibration method involves too many parameters and too complex function, so the processing of optimization is difficult and slow. In this paper, two digital cameras are used to set up stereo vision system which provides convenient experimental operation. The binocular stereo vision system is calibrated using linear calibration model. The results indicate that the method is stable and fast with high precision and practicability.