Steel slag and carbon dioxide were used as raw materials to prepare building material by carbonation. Effects of forming pressure on carbonation of steel slag and carbonated depth were studied by pore structural changes before and after carbonation and carbonated region. The results showed that these were visible pore structural changes between non-carbonated and carbonated steel slag, and after carbonation, the porosity of steel slag samples were decreased, the number of fine pore was increased and large pore was opposite. Carbon dioxide gas which was sequestrated by Ca(OH)2 and C3S were combined in CaCO3 crystal, and this process was form surface to interior. Clustered granular crystals were generated in the surface and 12 mm depth of samples, while none in the 20 mm depth of samples, no obvious granular crystal growth. The granular crystals which produced by carbonation filled the pores of the sample, in particular the arrangement of dense granular surface of crystal layer, which may impede the spread of CO2 gas to the depths, and carbonation reaction focused on the surface to 12 mm depth region.