Al-Cu alloy castings are obtained in the vertical centrifugal field. The effects of solution treatment on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Cu alloy casting were studied by OM, micro hardness tester and room temperature tension and compression test. The results show that, the strength, micro hardness and elongation percentage of Al-Cu alloy casting increase firstly and then decrease as the solution temperature increases, and the mechanical properties reach the maximum values as the solution temperature increases to 530°C. As solution time increasing, the mechanical properties of Al-Cu alloy casting increase firstly and then decrease. When the solution time is up to 6 hours, the mechanical properties reach maximum value.