Based on the ideas of wall-guiding-spray and spatial dispersion, A new type of diesel engine double-wall-jet combustion system is designed. The effect of speed, load and injection condition on the double-wall-jet combustion system is researched by testing, on the double-wall-jet combustion system, the combustion modes for whole working condition is analyzed, the comparison of combustion and performance between the original machine with the new one is carried out. The results showed that: Instantaneous heat release rate of double-wall-jet combustion system shows a single peak. As the speed increases, the corresponding crank angle of ignition retards, the peak outbreak pressure increases and then decreases, the peak instantaneous heat release rate, the peak average temperature, the peak cylinder pressure rise ratio, and the cumulative heat release per unit mass of working gas is reduced. As the load increases, the corresponding crank angles of peak cylinder pressure and gravity center of heat release rate are postponed. With the load increasing, the ignition crank angle corresponds early at low speed, and the ignition point does not change significantly with the load at high speed. The effect of the injector hole diameter/number on the cylinder pressure and instantaneous heat release rate curve is not significant at high speed and large loads, but at low speed and large loads is significant. Cylinder pressure of 6-Φ21 injector is higher than 5-Φ25, the instantaneous heat release rate of 6-Φ21 injector has a trend of a single peak, the instantaneous heat release rate of 5-Φ25 injector has a trend of a double peak and the focus of the heat release rate postponed. With the advancing of injection timing, the ignition crank angle and combustion phase advances, the peak cylinder pressure increases. Injection pressure has little effect on the combustion characteristics. By comparison with the original machine, while maintaining the power performance of the same circumstances, the cylinder pressure and NOx emissions of double-wall-jet engine are reduced in degree, fuel consumption rate is not almost changed, and the same plane rather, smoke intensity is improved at low speed, smoke intensity at high speed smoke high-speed only deteriorates of 0.2-0.3 BSU.