In recent years, wood of greatly value are decreasing continuously. However, the percentage of low-grade wood or fast-growing species are increasing. The utilization of fast-growing species is one of the significant themes of investigation in wood industry. Fast-growing poplar (southern type poplar) which have been planted successfully and grown over a wide area in China are well known as famous fast-growing species of the most important commercial trees and industrial timber. In this paper, the distributions of plantation resources and methods of industrial utilization of fast-growing poplar in China were analyzed, respectively. High-valued wood products made of fast-growing poplar will be an inevitable trend in wood industry, including wood-based panel, engineered wood, solid wood door, curved laminated veneer lumber, and wood floor, in the 21st century. In this paper, varieties of poplar products inclued poplar composites board, poplar floor, poplar technological door, curved laminated veneer poplar molding components and poplar scientific wood were introduced. On the basis of research and application, the author emphatically analyzed multi-layer wood floorings made of fast-growing poplar veneer and MDF, curved furniture components made of poplar veneer, sofa frame maed from poplar composites board.