Because petroleum contaminants have a big impact on marine environment, the recognition and monitoring research of petroleum contaminants has important application value. According to the petroleum products all process strong fluorescence characteristics, three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy technology can be applied to petroleum contaminants for monitoring. This paper adopts PARAFAC to deal with 3-d fluorescence data of petroleum pollutant. Thereby get that PARAFAC algorithm can get accurate resolution system of the corresponding spectrum each substance and relative concentrations. In addition, to get better predicted results by PARAFAC method, the fluorescence intensity of interference substance should be significantly less than fluorescence intensity of the lowest concentration of the sample which is to be predicted.