Zinc acetate and ammonium bicarbonate are used as raw material, zinc oxide prepared by direct precipitation of new technology. This paper discusses the effection of the formation in zinc oxide from the reactant concentration of zinc acetate, HCO3-/Zn2+ molarity ratio, reaction temperature, reaction time and condition in thermal decomposition of basic zinc carbonate. Using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric / differential thermal analysis (TG / DTA) and other methods, preparation of nano-ZnO are characterized. Good conditions for the better system of nano- ZnO are 0.75mol /L in the concentration of zinc acetate solution, 2.5:1 in bicarbonate of ammonia and zinc acetate molar ratio, 45 °C of reaction temperature, 1.0h of reaction time, and 350 °C in thermal decomposition temperature, 3.0h of pyrolysis time. Zinc oxide obtained average particle size is 20 ~ 80nm, for the hexagonal crystal form.