In order to improve the wear resistance of drill tools, stellite190 welding coatings were prepared by oxygen-acetylene flame welding technology. The abrasive wear behavior and wear mechanisms of the coatings were investigated in both dry and water friction conditions. The research results show that the wear losses of the coatings increase with the increase of loads and sliding speeds. The effects of sliding speeds on wear losses of the coatings become intense with the increase of loads. The wear losses of the coatings in water friction condition are bigger than those in dry friction condition. The main wear mechanisms of the coatings are micro-cutting and multi-plastic deformation wear in dry friction condition, and accompanied by stress corrosive wear in water friction condition.