Typical asphalt pavement structure of freeway integrates the advantages of experience method and theory method. It is the pavement structure combinating of different regions pavement projects experience which considers the factors of natural conditions, vehicle load, material supply, construction technique and maintenance operations and so on. This paper contains site detection and evaluation of the performance of 8 kinds of asphalt pavement structure testing roads of Chang-Ji freeway in Hunan Province, using five indicators of rebound deflection, flatness, friction coefficient, structure depth and seep coefficient and so on. We carry on tracking observation about the pavement’s performance for 2 years continuously. The results showed that the typical asphalt pavement structure testing sections of Chang-Ji freeway have been built successfully and pavement performance is good.