The main goal of this work is to develop an ultrasonic high frequency method for characterization of thin layers. The development of high frequency acoustic transducers for longitudinal waves and shear waves on silicon has enabeled the characterization of thin films deposited on this substrate. Three types of transducers have been achieved : (i) single crystal LiNbOSubscript text3 Y+163° for shear waves generation, and (ii) Y+36° for longitudinal waves, bonded and thinned on silicon substrate to achieve ultrasonic transducers in the frequency range 300-600 MHz ; (iii) thin films ZnO transducers were realized due to sputtering technologies working in the frequency range 1 GHz- 2.5 GHz. Using an inversion method and a network analyser which provide the scattering S11 parameter of the transducer versus the frequency we deduce the elastic properties of films deposited on the wafer surface. Thanks to these transducers the acoustic properties of thin films such as SU-8 based nanocomposites (doped with TiO2 , SrTiO3 or W nanoparticles) will be presented. In order to achieve mechanical impedance matching between silicon and water we control the mass of the embedded particles which provide a way to adjust the elastic properties of the characterized material. In another application an Indium metallic layer have been characterized in the high frequency range. We also use this method to characterize dielectric permittivity of the ZnO transducers.