The surface quality of workpiece depends largely on workpiece surface temperature in grinding. The key parameters on workpiece surface temperature calculation model have been researched and the calculation model constructed in this paper, including the convective heat transfer coefficient (CHTC) (hf), heat flux (qch) and the grain contact half-width (r0) which are assumed to be constant in workpiece surface temperature model given by Rowe. And the improved Rowe model has been proposed (Rowe/Li model) which not only involves the grinding process parameters such as the speed of wheel and workpiece, but also the geometric parameters of workpiece, grinding wheel and abrasive. The experimental results of the surface temperature in high-speed grinding are very close to the results by Rowe / Li model. Relative to the Rowe model, the obtained surface temperature by Rowe / Li model has decreased by about 35-40%. Under the conditions of the same material removal rate, high-speed grinding, namely, increasing wheel speed can effectively reduce the surface temperature and improve the grinding quality.