A serial communication protocol according to motion control (MC) system data format has been developed. Based on taking management platform which can be embedded controller or personal computer (PC) as the MC data sending station and motion controller whose core is Digital Signal Processor (DSP) as the MC data receiving station, the detailed situation of how to use the data transfer protocol and the data processing method in MC system is described. Firstly, the organization format of the serial communication data frame is introduced. Then, the relevant saving format of the MC data received by motion controller is described, and the way of how to receive the MC data from serial port is designed. Finally, the whole process of data saving in RAM and data taking out from RAM by motion controller are stated. With the serial communication protocol, a control solution has been provided in the MC system.