This paper mainly introduces the principle of preparation for nano-materials via vapor-phase technics, the design and assembly of nano-material synthesizer. Vapor-phase techniques include physical and chemical vapor synthesis, which involves vapor particle nucleation, nuclei growth, cohesion and a series of basic process in particle growth. Based on the principle of vapor-phase, this paper also details the invention of the process equipment for nano-material synthesis, which realizes an adjustable process in automatic control. The design aims to achieve a synthesizer being adjustable, automatic, intuitive and easy to operate. It mainly includes the following features. First, the invention helps show that preparation for nano-materials via vapor-phase technics is feasible. Second, with the high output of vapor-phase reaction, the synthesizer can not only be carried out in the experimental environment to demonstrate the synthesis of nano-materials, but also be applied in industrial production.