This paper attempted to study the properties of Slapper detonator non-energetic elements through exerting impact on them by Hopkinson Pressure Bar and evaluating the acceleration that samples received in accordance with one-dimensional stress wave theory. The results showed that the velocity pulse width could be controlled and acceleration pulse width be improved by varying the pulse shaper material and strike bar length. And the critical acceleration causing the failure of the initiator was closely connected with acceleration pulse width as well as acceleration amplitude. When the strike bar length were 126 mm, 190 mm, 270 mm and 460 mm, the acceleration pulse width were 58 μs, 93 μs, 130 μs and 160 μs, respectively, and the critical acceleration causing the failure of the initiator were about 240 000 g, 130 000 g, 74 000 g and 72 000 g, respectively. The accurateness and reliability of acceleration value was accredited to the methods of changing sampling frequency, smoothing velocity and acceleration curve, and fitting curve. The FEM analog simulation was also conducted by using the LS-DYNA finite element program. Good agreements were achieved between the acceleration curve and the simulation results.