Limited studies exist related to the siro-spun spinning of flax ( Linum usitatissimum L.) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) blends. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of various siro-spun processing parameters, including twist factor, space between two rovings and specification of traveler, on yarn qualities, such as yarn hairiness, tenacity and evenness. Results show that both specification of traveler and space between two rovings significantly influenced yarn hairiness and evenness, and heavier traveler and greater space led to decreased hairiness, but bad evenness. Twist factor influenced yarn evenness highly significantly, and smaller twist factor led to worse yarn evenness. Results also indicate the optimum levels of siro-spun process parameters as follows: twist factor αm = 150, space between two rovings 8 mm, traveler Fo 5/0. In relation to the general ring-spinning yarn, the siro-spun spinning yarns had decreased hairiness, little increased tenacity and similar evenness.