Paper Title:
A New Approach to Evaluate Thermal Stress under Flame-Resistant Fabrics Exposed to Flashover
  Abstract

Various intensity heat fluxes firefighters encountered will produce thermal stress on skin, resulting in thermal pain and tissue damage. In this paper, a new approach to evaluate thermal stress under flashover with short duration was carried out based on plain-stress theory. Instant heat flux under fabric was calculated so as to determine temperature and thermal stress distribution. The results obtained were as follows: temperature increased slightly at initial stage and then sharply increased linearly, moreover, temperature was much higher when sensor directly contacted with specimen, comparing with that of 6mm air gap; heat flux under fabric quickly reached its maximum, and higher heat flux was observed as no air gap generated; thermal stress rapidly increased and then gradually decreased, moreover, higher thermal stress produced without air gap. The newly proposed method could well distinct heat transfer performance of fabric under different conditions, which might provide helpful guideline to performance evaluation of thermal protective clothing.

  Info
Periodical
Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 332-334)
Chapter
Chapter 10: Finishing Technology
Edited by
Xiaoming Qian and Huawu Liu
Pages
1520-1526
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.332-334.1520
Citation
Y. H. Lu, X. H. Li, J. Li, D. W. Wu, "A New Approach to Evaluate Thermal Stress under Flame-Resistant Fabrics Exposed to Flashover", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 332-334, pp. 1520-1526, 2011
Online since
September 2011
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Price
$32.00
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