Carbon fibers combine low weight and exceptional mechanical properties,making them ideal reinforcements forpolymer composite materials. An attempt has been made to review and analyze the development and problems made during last few decades in the field of carbon fiber reinforced polyamide composites. The recent advance of research, structure and property, the advanced techniques were summarized in this paper. In accordance with the hot spots of the research, the interface behavior, reinforcement and toughening of this type of material were expounded specially. Finally, the prospect and development of this composite were analyzed.