Chinese and foreign scholars agree that felt is an important invention of ancient central asian nomads. The art of handcrafted felt is a direct product of their pastoral lifestyles. The long-established and traditional Uyghur handicraft of felt making has over the ages developed unique ethnic distinctives and an inheritable nature. It has value in the historical, cultural, scientific, aesthetic, and economic realms, and thus qualifies as priceless intangible cultural heritage. Felt products with decorative designs are the most precious of the felt products. This paper discusses in detail the process of crafting traditional Uyghur decorative felt, and sets forth suggestions for its preservation.