This paper studies the relationship between the development of textile industry and the macroeconomic growth. By establishing the VAR model and co-integration test, the paper systematically describes the dependency between them. It also applies the method of impulse response function and variance decomposition to analyze their dynamic correlations. The result shows that there exists a long-term relationship between the textile industry and macroeconomic in China. But the relevance between them has something alike as well as something different through the analysis of impulse response function and variance decomposition. The good functioning of macroeconomic creats favourable conditions for the development of the textile industry. However, the influence on the textile industry of macroeconomic has a time-lag effect.