This study aimed to investigate the influence of NaOH concentration and temperature used for cellulose extraction from sweet-bamboo leaves on the kinetics of the extraction reaction. The NaOH concentration and the temperature used for the extraction were varied and their effect was examined. It was found that the extraction rate was accelerated by either the increase of NaOH concentration or extraction temperature. The NaOH concentration affected the reaction rate constant, k, and the activation energy, E and the order of the reaction, n. Increase of NaOH concentration enhanced the reaction to move forwards, thus reducing the k and E values of the reaction and the order of the reaction, n, was changed. The correlation of the temperature and the NaOH concentration with the k value showed that at the lower NaOH concentration, the temperature influenced on the k value more significantly. The influence of the NaOH concentration on the k value was lessened with increase of the extraction temperature.