The chitosan/palygorskite resins with tannic acid (TA) as template molecules (CPRT) were prepared by emulsion cross-linking technology. Palygorskite (PAL), a kind of natural one-dimensional clay, worked as perfect filler in this study to enhance the adsorptive properties and acid resistance of chitosan resin (CR). The effect of PAL and imprinted molecules on pore parameters of the CPRT, such as swelling degree, porosity, and ratio of weight loss, were investigated, and the effects of the initial pH value of the TA solution, contact time and temperature on adsorption capacity of the CPRT were also discussed. The results revealed that the adsorption process was found to be pH dependant with an optimum activity at pH 8.0. In comparison with CR, the adsorptive ability of CPRT increased from 225 to 410 mg/g, and the ratio of weight loss decreased from 18.8 to 6.2 %. The study of adsorption kinetics and isotherms showed that the sorption processes were better fitted by pseudo-second-order equation and the Langmuir equation, respectively.