X80 pipeline steel specimens were treated by electrochemical hydrogen charging under various current density and charging time. The polarization resistance and corrosion rate of X80 steel were analyzed in Yingtan simulated soil solution under the different hydrogen charging conditions. The results showed that hydrogen accelerated anodic dissolution and enhanced corrosion sensitivity. With hydrogen in the steel, the charge transfer resistance and polarization resistance decreased, double electric layer capacitor and corrosion current increased. The effects were enhanced with the increase of hydrogen charging time and current density.