Mn(1-X)S:AX/ZnS (A: Er, Dy) nanocrystals were synthesized by chemical precipitation method. X-ray diffraction analysis show that Mn(1-X)S:AX/ZnS nanocrystals were zincblende structure. The high-resolution transmission electron microscope images indicated that Mn(1-X)S:AX/ZnS nanocrystals show a spherical shape, and their average grain size is about 4 nm. Photoluminescence spectra of Mn(1-X)S:AX/ZnS nanocrystals revealed that there existed several major emission bands, ～417 nm, ~509 nm, ~580 nm, ~617nm and ~680 nm. Mn(1-X)S:AX/ZnS nanocrystals exhibited enhanced luminescence properties compared with the pure Mn(1-X)S:AX nanocrystals. The enhanced photoluminescence properties of Mn(1-X)S:AX/ZnS nanocrystals should be attributed to the effective suppression of nonradiative recombination by the surface-passivation layer.