The Microstructure of Cu-Bi master alloy with different melt processes, such as different melting temperature and holding time, was observed by PHILIPS-XL30 scanning electron microscopy (SEM); phase analysis was conducted by Miniflex X-ray diffraction(XRD); Magix(PW2424) X-ray fluorescence analyzer(XRF) was used to analyze chemical compositions of Cu-Bi master alloy. The results show that there are Cu and Bi two phases in the Cu-Bi master alloy; The yielding rate of bismuth decreases with the rising melting temperature. It decreases slowly between 1100 °C to 1150 °C,while it decreases rapidly between 1150 °C to 1200 °C.The bismuth particles in the Cu-Bi master alloy prepared at 1100 °C are much larger than those prepared at 1150 °C,while the size of bismuth particles change little from 1150 °C to 1200 °C. So the better melting temperature of preparing Cu-Bi master alloy is 1150 °C.The yielding rate of bismuth decreases with the holding time increasing. But when the holding time is too short, there are large bismuth particles in Cu-Bi alloy .So the better holding time is 120s.