The goal of shantytowns redevelopment is to improve urban appearances and inhabitant's environments and enhance urban images and inhabitant's qualities of life. So far, numerous cities in China set about to reconstructing the project of shantytowns. However, the majority of shantytowns redevelopments have focused on dismantling houses rather than systematically rebuilding the shantytowns. Aiming at this issue, we explored the relations of shantytowns redevelopment and urban regeneration and drew on quite a lot of domestic and foreign experiences and lessons of slum redevelopment, which suggested that shantytowns redevelopment is involved in not only the pure physical regeneration, but also social regeneration, associated with economic recovery, community rebuilding and cultural reconstructions. By analyzing the case of shantytowns redevelopment of Fuxin city in Liaoning Province, we found a large quantity of questions exhibited by the current shantytowns redevelopment.