A calculation is made for certain Supercritical Water Cooled Reactor (SCWR) using UO2 fuel and MOX fuel respectively. The results indicate that MOX fuel has a simple power distribution with UO2 fuel, but there is a larger power uneven factor when using MOX fuel, and using MOX fuel including weapon grade Pu has larger power uneven factor than using MOX fuel including reactor grade Pu. However, in the case of same power distribution, the fuel rod using MOX fuel has a higher temperature than the one using UO2 fuel. Therefore with the more uneven power distribution, the fuel in SCWR using MOX fuel has a higher temperature. This will result in a big security issue when using MOX fuel in original design of SCWR. Through analyzing the result of power distribution, an improved assembly of SCWR is presented. It can reduce the power uneven factor and increase the security of fuel rod using the improved assembly of SCWR.