The research treats the lakes of the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center(HEMC) as the main research objects. According to the relationship of the lakes and university city drainage system,lakes are the accepter of rain and sewage.In fact, the lakes of HEMC can be divided into five categories,our researches choose the natural pond,ornamental pond , the oxidation pond as the main bodies of researches，which have a great impact on environment and people. The lakes of HEMC are not a source of drinking water. We select the phosphorus, nitrogen, COD, Fe, Mn, and ctc. as the main indexs of water quality assessment. The results of the typical sampling points are under the surface water environment quality standard for level Ⅴ. The main pollutants are TN and TP. According to the situation of the lakes, putting forward views to improve the water quality.