The development of Energy and Coal Chemical Industry Base (ECCIB) is not only the important impetus of the regional economy, but also the guarantee of national energy security. In the near future, China will develop seven Energy and Coal Chemical Industry Bases. Ningdong ECCIB is selected to be a typical case for the further analysis in the paper. The food web of Ningdong ECCIB is obtained based on the material metabolism analysis of ECCIB and the relative statistics of Ningdong ECCIB. Then it is evaluated by the associating relation rate and the waste recycling rate. It is concluded that the associating relation rate of Ningdong ECCIB is 0.378 which is higher than the average of the rate of the eco-industrial parks in China. The solid waste recycling rate of Ningdong ECCIB is 30.38%, while the waste water recycling rate is 28.17%. They are both relatively lower. Accordingly, several optimization countermeasures are proposed.