LiFePO4/C composite cathode material prepared by carbothermal reduction method was coated by metal oxide MnO2, Al2O3, CuO, respectively, by a chemical precipitation method. The effects of metal oxide coating on the structure and electrochemical performance of LiFePO4/C composites were systematically investigated. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the electrochemical properties were evaluated by constant-current charge/discharge cycling tests. It is found that the coating of metal oxide could greatly improve its high-rate dischargeability and cycling performance. The LiFePO4/C cathode material coated by MnO2 exhibits a specific discharge capacity of 118.5 mAh/g at 3C rate, much higher than the uncoated sample (95.1 mAh/g), with a capacity degradation rate of only 6.3 % after 250 cycles at 3C rate.