The nuclear facilities accelerated continuously with the rapid development of the nuclear industry for the increasing demand for energy in China. The nuclear facilities were widely distributed in coastal areas or remote mountainous areas. With the rapid development of the nuclear industry, nuclear fuel cycle system, such as uranium mining and milling, component manufacturing, transportation and disposal of spent fuel, radioactive waste disposal, also would be large-scale distributed, so it is no doubt that the environmental impact would become increasingly prominent and severe. Radionuclides contaminate the environment through the gas, liquid and solid around nuclear facilities, and in case of radioactive leakage, the contamination would affect the soil and public health through food chain. This article aims to establish a nationwide network of early warning detection of radioactivity, the formation of nuclear facilities, radioactive soil around the monitoring and early warning mechanisms, and regularly publish relevant monitoring information, and to study bioremediation of radioactive contaminated soil, to eliminate the public about nuclear discoloration fears and concerns, promote economic and social development , and to keep the nuclear facilities and nature in harmony through environmental protection.