Nanocrystalline silicon film has become the research hit of today’ s P-V solar technology. It’s optical band gap was controlled through changing the grain size and crystalline volume fraction for the quanta dimension effect. The crystalline volume fraction in nc-Si:H is modulated by varying the hydrogen concentration in the silane plasma. Also, the crystallinity of the material increases with increasing hydrogen dilution ratio, the band tail energy width of the nc-Si:H concurrently decreases. Two sets of nc-Si:H solar cells were made with different layer thicknesss, their electronic and photonic bandgap, absorption coefficient, optical band gap, nanocrystalline grain size(D), and etc have been stuied. In addition, we discussed the relationship between the stress of nc-Si thin films and H2 ratio. At last nc-Si:H solar cells have been designed and prepared successfully in the optimized processing parameters.