Choose the appropriate rear shroud diameter of impeller could get relatively small axial force and high pump performance. In this paper, a deep-well centrifugal pump impeller with a small rear shroud was studied by simulation and test. Two stages deep well centrifugal pump was simulated by means of a commercial CFD software that solved the Navier-Stokes equations for three-dimensional steady flow. The flow field and the static pressure distribution in the impellers obtained by steady numerical simulation were analyzed. By manufacturing and testing, the test results was acquired, and then compared with the predicting data of the numerical simulation. Results show that trimming the rear shroud could reduce the axial force, but too small rear shroud diameter lead to pump performance decline.