The acetone extracts from Shenfu coal (SFC) of China was filtered into filtrate and cake, and analyzed by GC/MS and FTIR respectively. The results indicate that: The GC/MS identifiable fraction mainly consists of polycyclic aromatics with 2-4 rings and their alkyl derivatives as main components, and polar oxygen compounds with ketones and esters as main components. A variety of nitrogen compounds and several compounds containing phosphor, sulfur, and chlorine were identified. IR spectrum shows that functional groups including hydroxyl, carbonyl, polycyclic aromatic ring, methylene, methyl, etc. are among the main groups of GC/MS unidentified fraction.