In order to improve the rate of degradation of cellulose in corn straw, the study has an important significance that compost corn straw with inoculating high-efficient microbe agents. The experiment inoculated a cellulose-degrading strain F2 which was screened from compost into compost pretreatment, the VS of corn straw reduced from 93.14% to 71.69% after 15 days, the content of cellulose reduced from 34.12g·kg-1 to 25.66g·kg-1, the rate of degradation was 24.79% which was 10.60% higher than those without the strain. An anaerobic fermentation experiment was carried out with the two groups of composted corn straw and mixed pig feces with a certain ratio, and investigations of biogas production, pH, content of volatile fatty acids(VFA) and rate of methane production were conducted. The results were that the corn straw composted with the cellulose-degrading strain peaked 4 days earlier, the maximal daily biogas production was 1470mL, the cumulative biogas production reached 23641mL which was 16.87% higher and operated stably earlier. The study showed that the cellulose-degrading strain had a strong capacity to degrade cellulose in corn straw, and then improved the performance of anaerobic digestion.