Paper Title:
Distributive Characteristics of Soil Microorganisms at Wetland on Mongolian Plateau in Inner Mongolia (E1483)
  Abstract

This research is to study the distributive characteristics of soil microorganisms at river wetland on Mongolian Plateau in Inner Mongolia. The results showed that the quantities distribution of various floras of soil microorganisms in different plots (such as bump-top and in-between-bumps in enclosed and grazing regions, low floodplain and high floodplain) at wetland of the Xilin River are the same, which is bacteria>actinomycetes>fungi.In enclosed region, the amounts of bacteria are higher than that of other regions. Since is under natural restoration process in enclosed region, there is no significant difference between bump-top and in-between-bumps. At bump-top, it is seasonally flooded, and at in-between-bumps, there is always ponded water to cause high water content. Since high water content is not in favor to the survival of actinomycetes, the number of actinomycetes at bump-top is higher than that at in-between-bumps. Though there is low requirement of water for fungi, the number of fungi at bump-top is higher than that at in-between-bumps. In grazing region, there are more soil microorganisms at bump-top due to shorter flooded time and better air ventilation. At bump-top, organic matter is much richer, due to resupplied from animal manure, withered grass and falling leaves, which is in favor to the reproduction of actinomycetes and fungi. Since there are mostly hydrophilic plants and less biodiversity at in-between-bumps, the number of soil microorganisms is smaller. In floodplain region, the amount of bacteria at low floodplain is higher than that at high floodplain, due to higher water content, which is in favor to the reproduction of bacteria. Actinomycetes are basophilic bacteria. The amount of actinomycetes at low floodplain is higher than that at high floodplain, since high water content has led low floodplain to alkali soil. The amount of fungi at high floodplain is higher due to more suitable environment for survival and reproduction.

  Info
Periodical
Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 356-360)
Chapter
Chapter 14: Environmental Protection
Edited by
Hexing Li, Qunjie Xu and Daquan Zhang
Pages
2624-2629
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.356-360.2624
Citation
J. Zhao, H. Min, Y. Q. Shao, Z. L. Zhao, Q. M. Guo, Y. X. Cui, "Distributive Characteristics of Soil Microorganisms at Wetland on Mongolian Plateau in Inner Mongolia (E1483)", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 356-360, pp. 2624-2629, 2012
Online since
October 2011
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: Yu Qin Shao, Zi Long Zhao, Miao Miao Hou, Hui Min, Zhong Ling Liu, Ji Zhao
Chapter 5: Frontiers of Environment Engineering and Materials
Abstract:This research investigated the distributive characteristics of soil microorganisms at dry lake wetland on semiarid grassland. Four plots,...
2882
Authors: Ji Zhao, Yu Qin Shao, Zi Long Zhao, Fang Liu, Hui Zhou, Zheng Min Li
Chapter 14: Environmental Protection
Abstract:Soil fungi and actinomycetes, in floodplain wetland on Inner Mongolian Plateau were measured through Spread-Plate-Technique; the divergent...
2703
Authors: Ji Zhao, Yu Qin Shao, Min Hui, Jia Yin Lu, Jing Yu Li
Chapter 14: Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control
Abstract:Study on the distributive characteristics of the soil microorganisms at floodplain on wetland of Mongolian plateau. Using the Plate dilution...
3017