Some radical scavenging peptides by ORAC method from different hydrolysates were used for the quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) research. Partial least-squares regression analysis (PLSR) was treated as the method to build the model with 17 kinds of amino acid descriptors. In order to translate the sequence to the same length, two-terminal position numbering (TTPN) was applied. Two of amino acid descriptors VSHE and VSW were selected for their excellent performance (R2, Q2, and RMSEc with VHSE and VSW descriptor are 0.995, 0.630, 0.318 and 0.966, 0.543, 0.181 respectively). VHSE has the definite physicochemical meanings and easy to understand while VSW has good predictive ability (Rand RMSEp with VHSE and VSW are 0.404, 2.633 and 0.635, 2.298 respectively). It is believed that the position No.2 amino acid from N-terminal (N2) have more importance than others in sequence, and most of electronic properties are negative to activity while all the steric properties are positive to activity as well as the hydrophobic properties. The suitable amino acids in sequence are as follow: G, R, K, W, Y, N, E, H, and Q are suitable for N2 position which illustrated the importance of acidic amino acids in peptide sequence for radical scavenging activity.