Large quantities of oil contaminated soils result from pipeline vandalization, onshore and offshore oil spills every year in Nigeria. An extensive laboratory program was carried out to determine the effect of varying compactive efforts on the hydraulic conductivity behaviour of oil contamination lateritic soils. Hydraulic conductivity tests were carried out on both the natural and oil contaminated soil samples at the Reduced British Standard Light (RBSL), British Standard Light (BSL), West African Standard (WAS) and British Standard Heavy (BSH) compaction energies. Contaminated specimens were prepared by mixing the lateritic soil with maximum 6 % oil concentration by weight of dry soil. The results obtained indicated a decrease in the hydraulic conductivity of the contaminated soil samples with increasing compactive efforts.