Gypsum-adobe wall structure is a new type of green earth building. The feature of its structure is that the wall uses adobe and plaster as its main materials.The wall is erected by putting rods or stems of plants between layers of adobe, and is poured gypsum slurry into the gaps between adobe bricks and on the wall surface. Then adobe and plaster solidify and come to a composite wall structure. Finally，Gypsum and adobe bricks interact and bear stress together. This paper focuses on fully describing the shaking table test of a 1/4 scale house model of the structure. The Test results and engineering practice show that the single-storey gypsum-adobe wall structure has a good seismic performance and is worth promoting in residential construction of the drought areas.