CTSRC structure is a new composite structural system for residential buildings and it consists of walls and floors which are made of the prefabricated steel skeleton and the infill of concrete. Four pieces of CTSRC shear wall specimens and one piece of RC shear wall specimen are tested under low cyclic lateral loads to study the final failure modes and analyze its structural seismic performance. It shows that the CTSRC shear wall structure possess adequate bearing capacity, fine seismic performance and ductility. CTSRC shear walls are better than RC shear walls in the seismic behavior, and it could replace traditional shear walls structure applying to practical engineering. Inserting ring used for connecting profile steel can transfer stress well and it is recognized as a reasonable construction measure.