Kashi is a history city with special natural, geographical and human characteristics. Based on its region features of long sun time, rare rainfall, and strong evaporation, large temperature difference between day and night, Gao-tai Dwelling is produced in Kashi. The main objectives of our investigation are focused on Gao-tai Dwelling in Kashi. The analysis is conducted to examine the controlling regional features of Gao-tai Dwelling, such as dwelling layout and space, energy conservation and so on. It is concluded that the buildings in Gao-tai Dwelling can reach better external representation of the architecture style in Kashi and energy conservation in Modern architecture design and new technology. So, the methods of Characteristic Urban in Kashi are suitable for poor rural Area in China, and they are the best choose for local residential areas.