As we enter 21st century, the environmental problem is increasingly prominent. Chinese urban residence construction stands in the transition period of sustainable development. How to realize low energy consumption, long service life and high quality of residence becomes a subject to be solved in Chinese residence construction in new era. For China's traditional residential design and construction method formed as a linear process and single data feedback as well as great loss of information in design, the residential quality and properties have not only been unimproved, but have also led to relatively more time and costs spent. This paper introduces a design concept of whole life cycle and points out the traditional design concept and processes of the residence construction must be charged in order to realize its sustainable development. According to the design concept of the whole life cycle, this paper puts forward the residence design principle based on whole life cycle and institutes the residence design processes based on whole life cycle.