The Shuibuya hydropower station is located in Badong County in the middle reach of Qingjiang River. It is the first cascaded project in Qingjiang mainstream. The Project consists of a concrete faced rock fill dam (CFRD), underground power house, chute spillway on the left bank, and the sluice tunnel on the right bank. The dam is 233m high, which is the highest of its kind in the world at present. The installed capacity and annual output of Shuibuya Power Plant are 4×460MW and 3.92 GWh respectively. The rock mass of foundation of Shuibuya project is a type of stratified sedimentation rock mass is composed of interbedded stratum by weak layers and hard layers. To solve engineering geological problem is difficult and challenging. For example, the intake slope of Shuibuya hydropower diversion tunnel was a landslide, and diversion tunnel outlet is located at the toe of Maya slope with 360m high, rock mass of the underground powerhouse caverns are soft and hard rock inter-layered, with multi-structural planes, multi-shear zones, and the lithology of rock is highly krast. Some researchs and geological treatments were performed during the geological exploitation and construction, which is fundamental and primary.