The uncontrollable factors such as construction errors, material inhomogeneity, etc. will inevitably lead to a certain initial imperfections. It is generally known that the stochastic initial imperfection of the structure is an important factor for affecting structural stability and bearing capacity. Since these imperfections are random in nature, this paper proposes the method mainly based on the standard orthogonal basis to expand the stochastic field, taking into account the decomposition of the stochastic initial imperfections related to structures, which is projected in the buckling mode orthogonal basis. In the end, the article by the stability analysis example shows that this method can use less random variables effectively describing the original stochastic imperfection field, and efficiently search for the most unfavorable initial imperfection distribution form in order to ensure the imperfection sensitivity structures have a higher reliability, so it can be applied to large-scale engineering structure stochastic imperfection analysis.