After the earthquake in Sichuan of China in 2008, price increase of conventional materials, poor conditions in transportation and resources and low levels of economy and technology are the main challenges faced by villagers’ home rebuilding. Under this background, a comprehensive demonstration village rebuild project was launched. Based on locally available natural resources and recyclable materials from collapsed houses, the local traditional earth-based technology got greatly improved in anti-seismic performance via experimental studies. By prototype-based training, the villagers quickly mastered these upgraded techniques and rebuilt homes by themselves with minimized input of manpower and material cost. Their new earth houses show a far better performance in cost-efficiency, sustainability and comfort than local conventional rebuilt dwellings. It demonstrated and conveyed an affordable, ecological, healthy and humane way of post-quake village rebuild that local villagers could take, own and pass on.